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Fundamentals of Nursing Quiz - 1

This page was last updated on July 20, 2011

1. "Health is a state of complete physical, mental, and social well-being and not merely the absence of disease and infirmity”. This was stated by

A. United States Health Agency

B. National Institute of Health

C. National League for Nursing (NLN)

D. World Health Organization

Answer Key

2. The name of the nursing diagnosis is linked to the etiology with the phrase:

A. “as manifested by ”.

B. “related to”

C. "evidenced by"

D. "due to"

Answer Key

3. Priorities of Planning in Nursing Process is done by

A. Information processing model

B. Interpersonal theory

C. Stages of illness model

D. Maslow’s hierarchy of human needs

Answer Key

4. When caring for a client with a femoral venous catheter, it is essential for the nurse to:

A. irrigate the catheter with sterile saline solution to maintain patency.

B. maintain sterile technique when working with the catheter.

C. assess the pressure dressing frequently for bleeding.

D. limit the mobility of the affected limb.

Answer Key

5. Nursing Diagnosis Categories include all, except

A. Actual

B. Risk

C. Possible

D. Syndrome

E. Factual

F. Wellness

Answer Key

6. Which of the following nursing interventions would be most important for
determining fluid balance in a client with end-stage renal failure?

A. Monitor urine specific gravity

B. Measure fluid intake and output

C. Weigh daily

D. Record frequency of bowel movements

Answer Key

7. When recording blood pressure, the sounds which can be heard with a stethoscope placed over the artery is termed as:

A. Wheeze

B. Murmers

C. Crackle sounds

D. Korotkoff sounds

Answer Key

8. A woman in labor is receiving an antibiotic. She suddenly complains of trouble breathing, weakness and nausea. The nurse should recognize that these signs are usually indicative of impending:

A. Pulmonary egophony.

B. Amniotic fluid embolism.

C. Anaphylaxis.

D. Bronchospasm.

Answer Key

9. What is the term used for a high-pitched musical sound in clients during a respiratory assessment?

A. Crowing

B. Wheezing

C. Stridor

D. Sigh

Answer Key

10. "The goal of nursing is to put the patient in the best condition
for nature to act upon him
”. This was stated by

A. Henderson

B. Jean Watson

C. Marta Rogers

D. Florence Nightingale

Answer Key

11. "Nursing is the diagnosis and treatment of human responses to health and illness”. This definition was given by

A. American Nurses Association (ANA), 1995

B. International Council of Nurses

C. Florence Nightingale, 1858

D. Indian Nursing Council, 1948

 

12. According to Maslow’s hierarchy of human needs, the highest level is

A. Physiologic needs

B. Safety and security

C. Belongingness and affection

D. Esteem and self-respect

E. Self-actualization

 

13. What is the term used for normal respiratory rhythm and depth in a client?

A. Eupnea

B. Apnea

C. Bradypnea

D. Tachypnea

Answer Key

14. Ccomprehensive, individualized care provided by the same nurse throughout the period of care refers to

A. Team nursing

B. Primary nursing

C. Home Health Nursing

D. Critical Care Nursing

Answer Key

15. Physical Signs indicative of poor nutrition are all, except

A. Dental caries, mottled appearance (fluorosis), malpositioned

B. Brittle, depigmented, easily plucked; thin and sparse hair

C. Tongue - deep red in appearance; surface papillae present

D. Spongy, bleed easily, marginal redness, recession gums

E. Spoon-shaped, ridged, brittle nails

 

References

  1. Nettina, Sandra M.; Mills, Elizabeth Jacqueline. Lippincott Manual of Nursing Practice, 8th Edition. Copyright ©2006 Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.

Answer Key
1. D 2. B 3. D 4. A 5. E
6. C 7. 8. C 9. B 10. D
11. A 12. E 13. A 14. B 15. C
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